Signs And Symptoms Of Varicose Veins In The Esophagus

Varicose veins in the esophagus manifest themselves with symptoms that some people overlook until they worsen. In this article you will find the treatment options for this condition.
Signs and symptoms of varicose veins in the esophagus

We all know what varicose veins are: dilated veins that cause venous insufficiency. However, there are also varicose veins in the esophagus (esophageal varices) that are located at the end of it and obstruct blood flow.

This is how you know if you have varicose veins in your esophagus

A dizzy woman due to varicose veins in the esophagus.

The biggest risk associated with varicose veins in the esophagus is that they smoke and begin to bleed.

To determine if you have varicose veins in the esophagus or not, it is important to consider some factors that affect the manifestation and possible signs to consider.

However , varicose veins in the esophagus are often asymptomatic, and the symptoms that manifest themselves can be confused with other less serious conditions.

Let’s see what they are:

  • Black stools : Although you may not think too much about this color, if it is caused by this condition, it is due to the presence of blood. This occurs when the veins rupture.
  • Vomiting of blood : To begin with, you may feel dizzy until you finally vomit blood. If this happens to you, consult your doctor immediately.
  • Loss of consciousness : This usually occurs due to bleeding caused by varicose veins in the esophagus, leading to dizziness and fainting in severe cases

If these symptoms persist, consult a doctor as soon as possible. Loss of consciousness, dizziness or vomiting of blood can be a sign that you are suffering from this risky condition.

Diagnosis: Endoscopy

A man who gets an endoscopy.

To make a reliable diagnosis , your doctor will perform an endoscopy. This procedure also allows the doctor to take biopsies.

To do this , the doctor introduces a camera into the esophagus to see if there are abnormal veins. If they find any, this procedure also allows them to assess the severity. (That is, if they are thick, if there are many of them, if there is heavy bleeding in the area, etc.)

Your doctor will choose one or another treatment depending on the type of veins being found. For example, if your doctor does not find many, they are small, and there is no bleeding in the area, they can simply recommend a follow-up to see how they develop.

Treatment options

Endoscopies allow doctors to make an accurate diagnosis and choose appropriate treatment.

As we mentioned above, the treatment will depend on the type of veins that are detected through an endoscopy. Here are some of the treatment options available:

  • Medication : If there is no bleeding even though the veins are large, medication is administered to reduce the pressure.
  • Endoscopic ligation : Doctors recommend this option when the patient does not tolerate the medications mentioned above. This procedure consists of suffocating the veins with elastic bands to favor the disappearance.
  • Endoscopic sclerotherapy : Doctors recommend it when there is bleeding. It consists of injecting a substance into the veins.

All of these treatments have possible complications. Medications can, for example, cause unpleasant side effects such as nausea, diarrhea or dizziness.

For this reason, your doctor will perform a thorough evaluation to determine which treatment will work best for the patient suffering from varicose veins in the esophagus.

People suffering from cirrhosis of the liver (liver disease) or who have had thrombosis should be more careful about the symptoms or signs that may indicate the presence of varicose veins in the esophagus. Although these can occur for other reasons, these are the most susceptible risk groups.

Finally, if you suffer from dark stools or dizziness or if you vomit blood, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. Early treatment will reduce pain and discomfort and prevent the situation from getting worse.

If large varicose veins rupture, it can lead to quite severe bleeding that can endanger your life. Thus , you should not underestimate the signs that may warn you of the presence of these abnormal years.

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