Properties And Use Of Perlite

Perlite not only facilitates the drainage of plants, but also improves them and keeps them healthy. However, how do you use this substrate? Are there any negative effects? Keep reading to learn all about it!
Properties and use of perlite

Have you heard of the use of perlite for plants?

Having plants at home has many positive health benefits. In fact, according to a publication in the Journal of Physiological Anthropology , plants help reduce stress and promote feelings of peace and comfort. As if that were not enough, they improve every space and purify the air.

Do you already like the benefits of having plants at home?

If so, continue reading and learn more about perlite. The main characteristic is the ability to drain water, improve aeration and decorate pots. However, there is more about the use below!

What is perlite?

Perlite is a natural mineral, classified as volcanic glass. About 5% of the composition is water, which allows it to expand when exposed to high temperatures. People have been using it in gardening for many years. This is because it does not change the balance of the soil, it is light and it helps prevent pests and diseases.

As if that were not enough, it is also cheap, and you can buy it in almost any specialized garden store or garden center. In general, it is best for plants that are easily damaged by excessive moisture, such as cactus or aloe vera.

Among other things, it is easy to mix with other organic components that provide nutrients to plants, such as rice husks, coconut fibers and peat moss.

A person with a handful of dirt mixed with perlite.
You can mix perlite with other organic components for plant maintenance.

The benefits of perlite for plants

The main advantage of perlite is that it facilitates drainage of pots and again oxygenation of soil. However, there are many other benefits beyond that, such as:

  • It absorbs and retains water so that the plant can use the water later.
  • It does not interfere with nutrients from plants and soil, as it has a neutral pH.
  • In addition, it is light and non-flammable.
  • It also improves the consistency of dense soil.
  • Some believe it has a fungicidal effect and acts as a pesticide.

Some disadvantages of using perlite in plants

Perlite is not suitable for all types of plants. In fact, it can have negative consequences under certain conditions. Therefore, think about the following before using it in the garden or indoor pots:

  • It can prevent healthy root development of plants at low temperatures
  • It is an inert substrate, so it does not provide nutrients, and you must add these through fertilizers and other organic materials.
  • This increases the need for irrigation, as water is emptied more easily and there is a greater risk of dehydration.

Use of perlite

It is often suggested to mix perlite with other nutrient substrates, such as worm casting, coconut fiber, peat moss, among other varieties. This increases the potential for retaining and draining fluid and facilitates nutrition.

But do not overdo it when using peat and perlite. The combination can cause root choking during watering if you are not careful.

In addition, a plant in dense soil requires a mixture of soil and perlite to soften and provide better drainage. You also have the option of watering this material over the soil to protect the roots from the sun during hot temperatures.

The plants that benefit most from this material are succulents such as aloe vera, cactus, and also bonsai. Just add a little water to both soil and perlite when mixing it.

A purple plant.
Perlite protects plants from the sun’s rays, especially in summer.

The use of perlite: A supplement to take care of your plants

This item is easy to find on the market and above all quite inexpensive. The main function is to improve the appearance of pots and garden soil. It also facilitates drainage and keeps the plants cold when the weather is warm. In addition, its neutral pH does not interfere with the earth’s nutrients.

Depending on the type of plant, you may want to mix it with organic substrates to enhance the benefits. However, be aware of the winter season, as it can interfere with the normal development of the roots.

You have to check it out!

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