Possible Symptoms Of Thyroid Cancer In Women

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland which, although not very large, can have a major impact on the whole body. Although both men and women can suffer from thyroid cancer, it is more common in women.
Possible symptoms of thyroid cancer in women

A large proportion of the population suffers from thyroid problems, and most of them are women. This important gland can cause the metabolism to become unbalanced, and it can also lead to various diseases such as thyroid cancer. It is a good idea to know the different symptoms of thyroid cancer so that you can recognize the danger signs.

What you need to know about the thyroid gland

This is a gland that regulates many of the body’s functions. It is responsible for producing hormones such as thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are involved in almost everything that happens in your body. Changes in the thyroid gland directly mean that there are changes in your body.

If the thyroid gland is overactive, it is known as hyperthyroidism. Some common symptoms of this problem are:

  • Restlessness
  • Overheating
  • Excessive appetite
  • Weight loss

If the thyroid gland is less active than it should be, it is called hypothyroidism. Some of the signs of this are:

  • Depression
  • Exhaustion
  • Weight gain
  • Muscle pain
  • Hair loss
  • Drowsiness
  • Memory loss
  • Constipation
  • Intolerance to cold
  • Hearing loss
Pain in the throat

Hypothyroidism usually affects women over 40 years of age. The treatment means that you must have a diet that is rich in iodine, and especially seafood.

What, how and why thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is not very common, and it occurs when a tumor develops in the neck region. In most cases, the correct treatment will result in a benign diagnosis.

However, it is important that the diagnosis is very accurate, and it is therefore important to know the various symptoms of thyroid cancer, so that treatment can begin as soon as possible.

Women are more prone to thyroid cancer when they go through menopause, or after they finish it. We will now go through various symptoms of thyroid cancer.

Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer:

  • A lump on the neck (similar to the Adam’s apple)
  • Pain in the ears often
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the throat
  • A sore throat that does not go away
  • Difficulty swallowing (odynophagy)
  • Problems breathing normally
  • Asthma
  • Hoarseness
  • Unclear speech
  • Cough that is not related to another health condition

What are the main causes of thyroid cancer?

Control of the thyroid gland
  • Exposure to radiation in childhood (the incidence of tumors increases with the amount of radiation received)
  • High levels of TSH hormone, especially in people with goiter
  • Heredity (if someone in your family has suffered from thyroid cancer)
  • Hashimoto’s disease
  • Whether you are a woman aged 40 or older, or a man aged 70 and older

There are five types of thyroid cancer:

Papillary Thyroid Cancer

This is the most common type (70% of all cases) and women who have had a history of cervical irradiation have a particularly high risk of getting it. The tumor is clearly defined and calcifications may be present.

In patients with advanced stages of this type of thyroid cancer, metastases (spread) may occur to the nodes in the cervix. The growth of the nodules is slow and painless.

Follicular carcinoma

This is the second most common type, occurring in people suffering from goiter, especially in those over 50 years of age. The tumor can grow until it is as large as the thyroid gland itself, but it is often difficult to detect.

It can spread through the blood system, and it can spread to the lungs and legs. It also spreads through the lymphatic system. The knots are painless and hard to touch.

Anaplastic carcinoma

cancer cells

Only 10% of people with thyroid cancer have anaplastic carcinoma. This is a very malignant type that occurs in patients over 65 years of age, who have usually had previous problems with goiter or papillary and follicular carcinoma.

This tumor presents as a mass that penetrates the entire gland. It can metastasize through the lymphatic system. It is painful, grows very fast, and is hard to touch.

Medullary thyroid cancer

This type of thyroid cancer has an origin that is different from the rest. It is easy to spot during a normal histological check. It can develop at any age and most often affects women,  and the risk increases after the age of 50.

Medullary thyroid cancer can metastasize early through the lymphatic and circulatory systems. In some cases, the incidence of this type of cancer is hereditary.

Lymphoma

This cancer begins in cells known as lymphocytes, which are part of the body’s immune system. The growth is very slow, and  occurs more often in older women who have had other problems related to the thyroid gland, such as Hashimoto’s disease.

Tests to detect thyroid cancer

If you experience any of the above symptoms of thyroid cancer, it is a good idea to book an appointment with your GP. He will take examinations samples of you, and possibly refer you for further examinations by a specialist. The most common screening methods are:

Ultrasound

ultrasound of the thyroid gland

During an ultrasound, the doctor will examine the entire neck region (which includes the thyroid gland) for lumps or lumps. If detected, they will be able to determine if they are solid or filled with liquid. Cysts found in the area around the thyroid gland are not necessarily cancerous, and most often they are benign.

Biopsy

Biopsies are performed by taking a small tissue sample from a lump or cyst, which is then examined in a pathology laboratory. Your doctor will use ultrasound to guide the needle, and you will be given local painkillers to numb the area.

This test is performed only if a knot has been detected.

Computed tomography (CT)

Also known as a CT scan. This test will not only examine the neck area, but also the chest area to look for signs of cancer elsewhere in the body, especially in the lungs.

The purpose is to find out if the cancer has spread to other soft tissues.

The relationship between thyroid cancer, women and reproduction

examination of the thyroid gland.

Studies show that women who have given birth in the last five years are more likely to suffer from papillary thyroid cancer. This is because this gland produces more hormones when you are pregnant, which can have lasting consequences well into the future.

The risk increases even more if you are pregnant several times in a short time. Remember to consult a doctor if you experience various symptoms of thyroid cancer.

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